Oral Cancer

What is cancer of the oral cavity?


  • Mesial impaction: The tooth angled from too far towards the front of the mouth. It is one of the most common types of impact.

  • Vertical impaction: These teeth come fairly straight however, there is not enough room in mouth to accommodate it.

  • Horizontal impaction: Teeth impacted horizontally by lying on their side.

  • Distal impaction: Distally impacted teeth that are titled to the back of the mouth.

  • Soft tissue impaction: It occurs when the tooth gets erupted through the gums.

  • Bony impaction: When your tooth is completely within the bone.


Other types of cancers of the mouth include:


  • Basal cell carcinoma mainly manifested on the upper lip;

  • Melanoma, a skin cancer that originates in the cells producing the pigment in the oral mucosa;

  • The adenocarcinoma that affects the salivary glands;

  • Lymphoma;

  • Sarcoma of the bones and soft tissues of the oral cavity;

  • Teratoma;

  • Others include very rare malignancies.


What is cancer of the oral cavity?


Oral cancer is actually a part of the family of cancers of the head and neck, also called cancers of the upper aerodigestive pathways. It is characterized by the appearance, development, and spread of abnormal cells in the oral cavity. It mainly affects the following regions and structures:


  • The inside of the mouth, including the tongue, the mucosa lining – the inside of the cheeks, the buccal floor (under the tongue), the buccal ceiling (hard palate) and the soft palate;

  • The gums;

  • The upper and lower lips;

  • The salivary glands;

  • The tonsils;

  • The throat or pharynx



Common causes of Oral Cancer


Alone, tobacco and alcohol would be about the leaders three-quarters (75%), cases of oral cancer and pharynx (throat). These are the most important factors and also those that can be relatively easily controlled.


Consequences of oral cance


Oral cancer remains unknown today. However, people who are afflicted can never forget it, because it touches a region of the body, the mouth, which is frequently used, either to eat, to talk. Cancer of the mouth can therefore considerably reduce the quality of life of the person who suffers from it because it often brings its share of problems according to the affected part of the mouth.


Among the issues directly related to cancer, there is dry mouth, the pain or discomfort during chewing, swallowing and speech and even the alteration or total loss of taste and even smell.



Some problems are rather secondary, being a discomfort to appear in public or to communicate with others in the case where external anatomical structures are affected by cancer. In the most distressing cases, some cancer patients may suffer significant financial losses if cancer causes them to leave their jobs or retire early.


Oral Cancer Treatment


If a lesion turns out to be cancerous, the radiotherapy, chemotherapy and oncology surgery can be attempted to eliminate cancer (in case it is detected early) or to decrease the size of the tumor sufficiently to prolong the life of the patient (in case the cancer is detected at an advanced stage of the disease). Oral Cancer Treatment cost depends on the patient’s state of health, where the tumor is located, method of treatment and the cancer stage. It should be noted that combinations of radiotherapy and chemotherapy or surgery and complementary radiotherapy are used more for the advanced stages of oral cancer and that chemotherapy alone is a rarely considered as a treatment for this type of cancer.


Depending on the patient’s oral health, Oral Cancer Clinic in Bangalore may perform some procedures before radiotherapy treatments, such as the extraction of irrecoverable teeth, repair of defective fillings, endodontic treatment, restoration of damaged teeth, fluoridation teeth, etc. A close partnership between the treating dentist and the radiation oncologist who administers radiotherapy treatments must then be established quickly to minimize the side effects of treatments while attempting to preserve as many oral structures as possible in the process.



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